Our webinar last week focused on a study by AWS and AlphaBeta, a business strategy company based in Singapore and Australia. The study sought to understand the future digital skills needs in six Asia-Pacific countries, including India. He revealed that cloud architecture design, software operations support, website / software / game development, large-scale data modeling and cybersecurity and cybercrime would be the digital skills needs. fastest growing over the next five years. Rahul sharma, President of the Public Sector at AWS India, and Fraser thompson, co-founder of AlphaBeta, spoke about the study and answered a number of questions from our audience. We give some extracts below.
Thompson: Everyone will need to acquire digital skills. And there is a huge opportunity for India to increase its digital skills base, given that the country has the smallest share of digitally skilled workers in the six Apac economies, at 12%. But the country has the highest share of those workers applying advanced digital skills, at 71%, due to its strong ICT sector.
Digital skills will be acquired not as a university degree, but as part of everyday work, in a modular framework. About 80% of our learning happened before the age of 21. This will have to change in the future. 80% will have to arrive after that.
Sharma: Cloud Architecture Design is ranked # 1 by growth (CAGR) over the next five years in India at 34%. This Cloud # 1 will not surprise anyone, but the rate of growth would. The cloud is going to be ubiquitous, in everything you do, how you do ML in the cloud, IoT in the cloud. The way you set up cloud networking is completely different from the way you set up a VPN.
Would web development technology have any value in the future? If not, what is the alternative for web developers?
Thompson: We need to look at the opportunities emerging from the huge migration to online models by companies that currently have offline models. This is one of the big impacts of Covid. Web development is going to be a crucial part of this. It is an area that is changing very quickly. We will see a growth in basic digital skills, and more and more we will see web development that makes things more interactive and essential for businesses, more integrated into operations. It will be a very interesting development.
What kind of skills do you need to further integrate web development into operations?
Thompson: To get that kind of integration with operations, we need to look at things like project management, digital problem solving, cybersecurity. It is a combination of vertical and horizontal skills.
Sharma: Due to the availability of a number of vendors who can provide you with the basic requirements when you need to move to the web, the emphasis is on design aesthetics and user interface. And that’s a big leap to the cloud. Once in the cloud, you need to look at the security aspect, how to create a scalable web design on the backend with the right APIs.
I work in mechanical R&D and plan to change careers to the cloud. Would this involve a complete change or would I benefit from using cloud skills in my current role?
Sharma: Everyone will need to learn and be comfortable with the cloud. How to create and experiment with the latest models on fluid dynamics? You can do this in the cloud. There are pre-existing models that you can apply and learn. Since the future will be micro-skills focused, there must be a base in a discipline and a base in technology, and you should approach things according to your interests.
Thompson: In research, 90% of students from 3,500 engineering schools were considered to have inadequate programming skills. It’s a huge gap. India is not alone in this case; it’s in many countries. The needs of industry are changing faster than what training institutes offer.
What skills do you need for large scale data modeling?
Thompson: At the basic level, you have basic analytical tools. It’s not just about technology and coding, it’s about synthesizing information. Those who know how to code, their salaries become commonplace very quickly. The work which can be combined with numerical problem solving, can synthesize and extract ideas, which is incredibly valuable. If you plan to model data, don’t just think about the coding aspect, think about how you will train yourself to problem solving in the synthesis of what will pull practical information that will prepare you for the future.
What are the key skills that BPM / IT employees need to learn about cloud computing to be ready for the future?
Sharma: Undifferentiated heavy loads in the cloud are disappearing. You need to progress to higher skills and skill applications. You need to know how to communicate with stakeholders and get information. The ability to work across various systems and bring it all together – resilience and adaptability – that only comes through experience. You should experiment with different types of technology.